The CBD oil or cannabidiol it is one of the two active ingredients in cannabis. But unlike THC, it has no psychotropic effects. Read on to find out the truths or falsehoods and everything you need to know about its regulations, therapeutic benefits and side effects.
First, let’s start by answering a question you may have already asked yourself: what is CBD oil? CBD, or cannabidiol, is one of the many cannabinoids found in hemp. It has numerous therapeutic virtues, in particular against pain, anxiety, insomnia, acne or epilepsy.
Cannabidiol oil is the most common form in which CBD oil is marketed, because it is better absorbed when combined with lipids. It is also found in pill, capsule, or cosmetic products.
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Do CBD oil and THC come from the same plant?
True. CBD and THC (Δ-9-tetrahydrocannabinol) are the two main cannabinoids found in hemp (Cannabis Sativa). The latter (called cannabis when considering its recreational or therapeutic use) contains a total of several hundred other active substances (terpenes, flavonoids, CBN …), but in much smaller quantities.
Cannabis is divided into subspecies, the main ones being sativa, indica and ruderalis. The content of THC and CBD varies enormously according to the varieties of cannabis, some of which have been specifically selected for their THC content, their taste or their method of cultivation.
CBD oil is legal
True and false. Unlike THC, CBD is not classified as a controlled substance and its sale is legal in Spain in the form of liquid for electronic cigarettes.
The legislation remains quite vague regarding CBD in the form of cannabidiol paste, capsules or oil, which is neither formally authorized nor prohibited. The cultivation of hemp is authorized in Spain for industrial purposes (insulation, textiles, food, etc.) with three conditions: be on a list of regulated varieties, have a THC content of less than 0.2% and that they are only seeds and used fibers.
Therefore, in theory, this excludes infusions. and other derived products (CBD oil is obtained from seeds and stems).
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Can cannabidiol oil contain up to 30% CBD?
Fake. THC and CBD levels are closely related in the plant. The more THC it contains, the more CBD it contains. At best, we get a ratio of 1/25. In other words, when cannabis contains 1% THC, it contains 25% CBD.
For a plant that contains 0.2% THC, that is, the legal limit allowed, the CBD content will therefore be a maximum of 5%. However, some resellers display products with much higher rates of up to 30%.
These are illegal products, a scam, or a practice of artificially increasing the CBD level by spraying the flowers with powdered cannabidiol mixed with ethanol. A dubious process and far from being “natural”.
Are the benefits of CBD proven by science?
True and false. Numerous studies have looked at the effectiveness of CBD oil in different areas. In particular, cannabidiol has been shown to can relieve neuropathic pain, nausea, inflammatory pain and rheumatism, or even reduced appetite.
However, most of these studies are done with cannabis extracts, which, as we have seen, contain many other substances. The latter are poorly studied and it is possible that they are partly at the origin of the effects attributed to CBD.
On the other hand, the studies are observational: The mechanism of action of CBD oil remains largely unknown. Nevertheless, there is sufficient evidence to have led to the approval of some (pure) CBD medications, such as Epidiolex for epilepsy.
Does CBD Cause Side Effects?
Fake. Unlike THC, CBD is not addictive and does not have a euphoric high. It even attenuates the effects of THC, being an inverse agonist of the CB1 and CB2 receptors and by various metabolic actions.
Very rarely, CBD oil can cause mild fatigue, a dry mouth, or cause diarrhea, but this is exceptional and especially for high doses.
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On the other hand, it is suspected that CBD interacts with other drugs, including antiepileptic drugs or anticoagulants such as warfarin, whose action could increase. However, studies remain limited on these interactions, which are also seen with many foods.