Hair transplant 2021 – the different methods

The hair transplant It is practiced throughout the world for male and female patients with alopecia. Over the decades, various hair implant methods have been developed to fill in bald areas. Here are the main hair transplant techniques: FUT, FUE, IFA and DHI.

FUT Hair Transplant – Follicular Unit Transplantation

Developed in 1970, the FUT hair implant method (Follicular Unit Transplantation), consists of cutting a strip of scalp over an area of ​​permanent regrowth of the patient’s hair.

This strip is divided into several follicular units, reimplanted in the bald part of the patient’s head, in holes previously dug by incisions to receive these grafts.

FUE Hair Transplant – Follicular Unit Extraction

The FUE technique of follicular unit extraction ( drive extraction follicular) is another extraction method. This time, instead of taking a complete strip of the scalp, the hair follicles are extracted one by one from the donor part of the patient’s hair. On the other hand, the implantation of these follicular units is identical, making incisions in the receiving part to implant the grafts there such as the FUT.

IFA hair transplantation: automated follicular implantation

The IFA method of automated follicular implantation se It differs from FUT and FUE in that the extraction of the hair follicles is carried out by means of a machine. The mechanical gesture of extracting the follicular units from the patient’s skull is performed by a Safer, Neograft or Artas robot. The grafts are then invasively implanted into incisions identical to FUT and FUE in the hairless area.

Types-of-Capillary-Transplate

DHI Hair Transplant – Direct Hair Implantation

The DHI method of hair implants It is an advanced and non-invasive form of FUE, that is, extraction of the hair follicles one by one. However, the DHI technique differs from all the others by the fact that the entire hair transplantation process is performed manually, by an expert doctor, from the extraction of each follicle to the implantation of each of these grafts. .

Made by hand, using a DHI hair injector High precision, this method allows the doctor to control the depth, angle and direction of implantation step by step of each hair follicle.

Therefore, this hair transplant technique is performed without any incision, both in the donor and in the recipient, which does not leave a scar and produces a perfectly natural and dense result.

What are the advantages and disadvantages of the FUT, FUE, IFA and DHI techniques for my hair implants?

Advantages and disadvantages of the FUT technique of hair implants

Several major problems arise with the FUT method, the oldest of the 4. Its main flaw is the great scar left on the donor part and the scar in the receiving area of ​​the patient’s head, due to the entire leather band. and incisions for reimplantation. The receiving holes and slits made in the implantation area are made with sharp tools, which create micro-scars that leave an “orange peel” appearance on the scalp. These holes require a space between each graft. It is then the “doll hair” effect, so feared that it often appears due to lack of density.

The other downside is the aggressiveness of this hair implant process for the scalp and hair follicles, weakened and weakened. The growth rate is directly affected, as the closure of the scar creates tension on the scalp, weakening the follicles on the periphery of the scalp. This will make it difficult, if not impossible, to use them for another transplant in the future. For example, if the scar is 10 cm long, this weakening is on the order of half a centimeter above and half a centimeter below, or almost 10 cm2, of the unusable donor area.

For all these reasons, the FUT can produce a visual result relatively worse than the initial situation, adding visible marks.

Advantages and disadvantages of the FUE technique of hair implants.

The FUE is not a standardized method . The capillary extraction tools are of variable quality and diameters: from 1 to 2 mm (“Maxi Graffe 3D”). These extreme dimensions are not conducive to a harmonious graft. Furthermore, a 2 mm punch does not extract follicle by follicle, but rather several hair follicles at the same time, which are then reimplanted as they are, in a “block”. In other words, the relative success or failure of the FUE technique depends primarily on the skills and involvement of each practitioner.

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However, since in France there is no official medical training for FUE, many more or less self-taught doctors practice it. In addition, certain crucial stages of the process, such as implantation of the grafts, are delegated and carried out by technicians. Finally, the FUE does not allow precise control of the implantation angle or orientation, resulting in a visual result that is often unattractive and ultimately unnatural.

Advantages and disadvantages of the IFA technique of hair implants.

The IFA hair transplantation method has the biggest flaw of what characterizes it: an automated extraction of hair follicles, performed by a Safer machine, a Neograft device or an Artas robot. Every step of the IFA process lacks precision and finesse . The mechanical gesture is much more aggressive for the transplanted skin and hair than the hand of a specialist. The risk of cross section is also very high with this method.

Contrary to popular belief, this method is not revolutionary, because the IFA implantation method does not differ from the previous ones. For patients, the result is definitive, with numerous small scars, torn and extremely weakened grafts, for invasive implantation, a medium regrowth rate and a visually disappointing result. For such an operation, nothing beats the natural, meticulous and artisan gesture performed by an expert.

Advantages and disadvantages of the DHI technique of hair implants.

The DHI hair transplantation method is an evolution and improvement of other techniques. It was developed after more than 49 years of research by DHI International Medical Group, a pioneer in hair restoration.

The DHI protocol is also distinguished from others by its non-invasive and painless nature, since no incisions are made . Thanks to the DHI pen injector, no scar remains after transplantation, which produces a perfectly natural result.

Unlike other methods, DHI hair transplantation also offers the advantage of meticulously controlling the angle, depth and orientation of each transplanted hair , following the natural implantation of the hair present in the periphery of the bald area.

DHI physicians choose specialization. All undergo intensive theoretical and practical training of up to 18 months at the DHI Academy in London. The experience of the medical profession , which is continuously trained in hair transplantation, guarantees perfect control of each gesture.

All aspects of the intervention (medical, aesthetic, mathematical, psychological) are rigorously defined and supervised, so that each patient can benefit from a personalized hair restoration and natural, corresponding exactly to your needs.

Standardization Y the strict protocol of the DHI method allow the doctor to reproduce identically all the steps of this meticulous hair transplantation process, constantly adapting to medical progress.

What method of hair transplantation should I choose, among the DHI, FUT, FUE and IFA protocols?

For all these reasons, the DHI hair transplantation method is by far the most advantageous of the 4. It is at the same time smoother, more efficient and more natural than FUT, FUE and IFA.

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Many patients who have resorted to other hair implant techniques, without having been previously informed of their risks, are reorienting themselves towards our DHI method to compensate for the consequences of other procedures on your scalp and your hair inheritance.

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