Everyone experiences anxiety at one point or another. Feeling a little anxious is quite normal. Anxiety protects us and can help us cope with a worrying or possibly dangerous situation. Anxiety is experienced as fear, the cause of which is difficult to pin down. This feeling is accompanied by symptoms.
It is natural to experience a certain level of anxiety at certain times, such as when you are going through a major life change, such as marriage or divorce. It is also normal to be anxious the night before an exam, when you go to a job interview or at the time of a sporting event. So anxiety is linked to particular events and usually disappears as soon as life returns to its normal course.
However, anxiety becomes a problem when:
- it does not go away when the worrying situation returns to normal;
- causes a significant level of distress;
- It is not linked to any fact of life, that is, it appears for no reason;
- continually worries the person;
- prevents the person from functioning and acting normally at work, in society or in other areas of daily life.
So anxiety can be a sign of the presence of one or another of the related disorders.
Main forms of anxiety disorders
The most common forms of anxiety disorders are:
- social anxiety;
- generalized anxiety ;
- panic disorder and agoraphobia.
The person with an anxiety disorder may experience a variety of physical and psychological complaints of varying intensity that accompany their feelings of anxiety.
These are the most common symptoms:
- sleep disorders;
- lightheadedness, vertigo, or feeling like you are about to pass out;
- diarrhea or abdominal discomfort;
- rapid heartbeat or palpitations;
- feeling of suffocation or strangulation;
- excessive sweating;
- hot flashes or, conversely, chills;
- High blood pressure;
- tremors or muscle spasms sometimes generalized to the whole body;
- chest tightness and pain;
- feeling unreal and out of control;
- numbness or tingling;
- difficult to focus;
- feeling of worry;
- affraid to die.
When to consult
Don’t wait until you are no longer able to do your usual activities to consult. If you have symptoms, you can consult your doctor, certain organizations and associations in the field of anxiety disorder. They offer information, help and support.
However, see your GP or other healthcare professional if you experience any of the following:
- You live in anguish;
- You have difficulty meeting your social, professional, or family responsibilities.
A healthcare professional will be able to assess whether you have an anxiety disorder or another condition that has similar symptoms. To properly evaluate you, your doctor may need to monitor your physical condition or order laboratory tests. They will suggest a treatment plan tailored to your needs.
If you are thinking about suicide and are concerned for your safety or the safety of those around you, see Hope Telephone 717 003 717. Here you will find more information about the help you need.
Anxiety disorders are treatable illnesses. There are known treatments to treat these disorders.. Treatments allow people with an anxiety disorder to regain control over their daily lives and activities. The sooner you see the person, the better their chances of recovery.
In most cases, anxiety disorders are effectively treated with self-care, group counseling, intervention, psychotherapy, medication, or a combination of some of these treatments.
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Experts generally recommend cognitive behavioral therapy to treat anxiety disorders. This type of psychotherapy aims to change people’s thoughts, core beliefs, and problem behaviors, and replace them with realistic thoughts and reactions. It helps to understand the source of the problem and to find solutions.
There are also other therapies that are recommended depending on the type of anxiety disorder to be treated.
Medications for anxiety
Different medications can be used to treat anxiety disorders, including antidepressants and anxiolytics.
Action of antidepressants and anxiolytics.
Antidepressants are medicines designed to fight depression. Rather, in treating anxiety disorders, they are used to reduce anxiety symptoms and help restore chemical balance in the brain.
- the emotions;
- the memory;
- the symptoms.
Medications for anxiety are medications designed to reduce the symptoms of this disorder. They also help reduce stress and promote good sleep. Sleeping pills, which promote sleep, and tranquilizers, which reduce physical symptoms due to stress, are examples of anxiolytics.
Recommendations for taking medication
If your doctor prescribes medicine for you, it is important that you take it carefully and follow the instructions given.
You also need to be patient before you get results. Restoring the chemical balance in the brain can take some time, sometimes 4 to 8 weeks.
Even if you feel better, you should continue treatment as prescribed to prevent your symptoms from coming back.
If you have unwanted side effects from medications, consult your pharmacist or doctor as soon as possible to discuss them. If necessary, your doctor can adjust your medication or recommend another medication.
People with anxiety disorders know that their behavior is illogical and affects their lives. Because of this, they often feel inadequate and depressed.
Some symptoms associated with anxiety disorders can also lead to depression if not treated quickly enough. Depression often accompanies anxiety disorders.
People with anxiety disorders often try to control their anxiety by using alcohol or drugs. They can thus develop a problem of excessive consumption or dependence.
Conflicts can also arise with family members, who do not always understand the person’s behavior. These conflicts affect the daily life of the person and his family.
Protection and prevention
It is not always possible to prevent anxiety disorders. However, if you have symptoms associated with anxiety disorders, you can take action today. Techniques for maintaining good mental health will help you change certain lifestyles. These changes will help you eliminate the factors that cause or maintain the disease. There is no single cause of risk factor anxiety. A combination of multiple factors can cause symptoms.
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Anxiety disorders do not have a single cause. A combination of several factors causes symptoms to appear. Here are some of those factors:
- biological vulnerability;
- certain health problems, such as respiratory diseases or hyperthyroidism (a disease of the thyroid gland, which produces too many hormones);
- the abuse or consumption of certain substances such as caffeine or alcohol, or certain stimulant drugs such as cocaine or amphetamines;
- deprivation of caffeine, drugs or alcohol, in the case of a person in the process of abstinence;
- the presence of stressors in the person’s life. These factors may be related to your family, social or professional environment;
- the temperament of the person, who may, for example, have low self-esteem or difficulty adapting to different life situations.