Due to the serious environmental pollution caused by gases and fumes emitted by cars, large companies in the automotive sector have been seeking solutions to this problem as part of their innovation. This is achieved through the production of green, hybrid and electric vehicles. Well, they suppose an important saving of fuel and certain polluting elements.
Which of these cars is less polluting for the planet?
Characteristics of green cars
Before explaining which ecological, electric and hybrid cars are less polluting, it is prudent to tell you some information about them. So let’s start organically.
As for the plug-in hybrid vehicles, its batteries can be charged by plugging them into an external power source. It has the characteristics of traditional hybrid vehicles and electric vehicles. Because they are also equipped with a fuel-powered internal combustion engine. Like gasoline or diesel.
The F3DM PHEV-68 was the first green sedan found commercially. It was designed by BYD Auto in 2008. Later, General Motors created the Fisker Karma PHEV-32. This is followed by the most famous Toyota Prius plug-in hybrid.
These vehicles have become a substitute for traditional vehicles due to their damage to the environment.
Hybrid car features
In this case, this car includes the use of fuel and batteries. Mainly, its operation is based on its integrated battery. However, when the car is completely exhausted or cannot provide enough power, the car will reduce performance until it enters its fuel reserve, which will run the traditional fuel-based engine that allows you to continue driving.
Features of electric cars
This type of vehicle is very useful for people who move around the city every day. This is true because it reduces the investment cost of fuel and maintenance. In addition, it helps to reduce the pollution of the earth. Because it is an ecological means of transport.
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They work with an electric motor, which receives energy in the form of electrical energy and can be moved by part of a 12V lithium-ion battery that powers the rest of the vehicle.
Depending on the outside temperature, peripheral systems or lighting conditions, the operating range of this type of car is around 100 or 150 kilometers. In suitable weather conditions and electronic auxiliary equipment (such as nearby charging stations), this function can even be expanded.
In the same way, this type of vehicle does not produce any type of pollution, it is easy to drive and it is a very safe car on the road because it can better pick up impact forces and there is no risk of explosion due to not using fuel.
The disadvantages of electric vehicles are mainly their high cost and charging time. Similarly, due to their low autonomy, they are not suitable for long-distance travel. Also, batteries tend to wear out over years, so buying replacement batteries can be very expensive.
Difference between green, hybrid and electric cars
Generally, people tend to think that electric cars are the same as hybrid cars. However, the only relationship between them is the emission of low-polluting gases into the environment, which is one of the greatest evils that disturb the earth.
As a result, as part of the cooperation between the automotive sector and the environment, vehicles with electric motors or combined with fuel propellants (so-called hybrid vehicles) began to appear. Compared to traditional vehicles, this reduces carbon dioxide emissions and fuel consumption.
However, there are certain differences between this type of green, electric and hybrid vehicles, but mainly there are differences between the last two. In the case of a hybrid vehicle, if the car runs aground due to running out of charge, it may be powered by an internal combustion engine. However, electric cars come to a complete stop if they run out of battery power.
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In any case, we can say that the least polluting vehicle in the environment is an electric vehicle, which is called an alternative to traditional vehicles. Despite its many shortcomings, these types of cars do not require any fuel to run. Of course, this makes it an important factor in protecting the environment around us. Because it does not emit any type of pollutants.